The Philippines – Crucible of Empire (Myth20c – Ep05)


The Philippines has for centuries sat at the crossroads of foreign empires, serving as the gateway to the Pacific for the Moro, Spanish, American, and Japanese empires. As President Duterte considers aligning his country with the Chinese while leaving the relationship open to the Americans in the 21st century, we look back at the forces that shaped the Philippines in the 20th, starting with America’s invasion of the islands to displace the Spanish.

— Brought to you by —

Adam Smith, Alex Nicholson, Hank Oslo, Mark Brown, and Nick Mason


— Timeline —

– 1897- Theodore Roosevelt becomes Assistant Secretary of the Navy
– 1898, February- USS Maine blown up
– 1898, April- US declares war on Spain
– 1898, May- Dewey destroys Spanish fleet in Manila Bay, troops land in Cuba, Battle of San Juan Hill
– 1898, December- Treaty of Paris
– 1899- Insurgency begins in the Philippines
– 1901- McKinley shot by anarchist, Theodore Roosevelt assumes presidency
– 1902- Insurgency ends, Philippines given semi-autonomy
– 1899-1913: Moro Rebellion
– 1935- Commonwealth status granted
– 1941-44- Japanese occupation
– 1944- Battle of Leyte Gulf, Americans rout occupying Japanese forces
– 1946- Treaty of Manila, Philippines becomes independent of the US
– 1965-86 – Ferdinand Marcos rules
– 2016- Rodrigo Duterte wins presidency

— References —

– The Battle of Leyte Gulf, Battlefield, Season 2, Episode 5 (1996),
Scalp Dance: Indian Warfare on the High Plains, 1865-1879, Goodrich (2002)
– Confessions of an Economic Hit Man, Perkins (2005)
– A War of Frontier and Empire – The Philippine-American War, 1899-1902, Silbey (2008)
– The American Peril, Hardcore History 49, Carlin (2013)
– How To Explain The Rise Of Rodrigo Duterte, Yuray (2016),
– A Closer Look At The Rise Of Rodrigo Duterte, Montilla (2016),